• The upper class who "owns and manages" (9) the establishments the proletariat work for.
  • Own many properties
  • "emancipation from past precepts about investment" (8)
  • Embody a sense of "being superieror to town workers and peasants" (8)
  • Strong social values of "sobriety, discretion, and economy with a tendency to imitate the style of their social superiors (ruling class)" (8)

Before the Revolution:

  • Before the First World War Lenin argued that the era of the bourgeoisie revolution in Russia had started with the tsarist agrarian reforms of 1861 and would only be completed by the working class. (10)
  • Being forced to work, "the indolent bourgeoisie" learned the difficulty of living with hunger and regretted the selfishness that led them to rebellion. (3)

Bourgeoisie Involvement in the Revolution:

  • The Bolsheviks' wanted to overthrow the Bourgeoisie and "establish a socialist society" (5)
  • Completely against the revolution
  • Apart of the "White Russians" (7)
  • The upper class were treated as criminals during the Revolution. (3)
After the Revolution:
  • Displaced after the war (8)
  • During Lenin’s rule after the Rebellion of 1917, he ordered slave labor camps containing 70, 000 people, most of them bourgeoisie, by 1923. (3)
  • The bourgeoisie went from being powerful to helpless in the hands of the Bolsheviks. (3)

Relation to Animal Farm:
  • The bourgeoisie and Mollie flee from their rebelling nation. (3)
  • "Mollie! Look me in the face. Do you give me your word of honour that that man was not stroking your nose?" (pg.32) "Three days later Mollie disappeared." (pg.33) (11)

  • Mollie left Animal Farm to dodge work, wear ribbons, and eat sugar.
  • The bourgeoisie left Russia to keep from being murdered. (3)

  • Mollie always wore the prettiest ribbons.
  • Upper class always enjoyed wearing many different luxuries.

  • Mollie apreciated Mr.Jones as the bourgeoisie appreciated Czar Nicholas.

external image 35010854.jpgexternal image 300px-Russian_Royal_Family_1911_720px.jpg

  • Proletariat: working class
  • White Russian: people who are against the revolution and in favor of the current government
  • Bourgeoisie:term used to refer to the upper class of Russia during the revolution
  • Bolsheviks: members of the Russian political party that took over power in the Russian Revolution

For more Information Visit:


1. Buick, A. (1976). The Role of the Soviets in Russia's Bourgeois Revolution- The Point of View of Julisu Martov. Retrieved from:

2. Orwell, G. (1946) Animal Farm. New York: Harcourt Brace & Company.
3. Taylor, M. (2004). Russian Bourgeoisie. Retrieved from:
4. Trotsky, L. (n.d.). Three Concepts of the Russian Revolution. Retrieved from:
5. Fitzpatrick, S. (1999). “Russian History Class System” In Gale World History In Context. Retrieved from:

6. Europe in History. (2012). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from:

7. Maus, D. (2003). “The History of Nations Russia” Farmington Hills, MI: Greenhaven Press

8. Ryan, A. (2012). “Bourgeoisie” In Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved from:

9. Vontz, T. (2012). “Communism” In World Book Student. Retrieved from:

10. Davidson, N. (2004). Bourgeois Revolutions: On the Road to Salvation for all Mankind. Retrieved from: