external image Czar-Nicholas-II.jpg

Tsar Nicholas IIThe Emperor of Russia (1868 - 1918)

Who is Tsar Nicholas II?
  • Born at Tsarkoe Selo on May 18,1868 to Alexander Alexandrovich and Maria Fedorovna, Nicholas was the heir to the Russian throne (3).

  • His birth name Nikolai Aleksandrovich Romanov (1).

  • He was raised in a humble family environment and was eductated through private tutors. These tutors taught him politics and economics, history, and many foreign languages (3).

  • After his father's death in 1894, Nikolai became the Tsar of Russia. He was thrusted into the duties and responsibilities and felt unprepared for the job (3).

  • Within the first month of his father's death, he married Princess Alix of Hesse and is more commonly known as Tsarina Alexandra (3).

  • The couple had five children (3):

    The Romanovs - The Imperial Russian Family.
    The Romanovs - The Imperial Russian Family.

  1. Olga (born 1895)

  2. Tatiana (born 1897)

  3. Maria (born 1899)

  4. Anastasia (born 1901)

  5. Alexei (born 1904)

  • During his rule, Tsarina Alexandra took on the political duties of Nicholas, whenever he was away. She was more dominant in the relationship (4).

  • Nicholas was very determined and knew where his duty laid, but he was very stubborn to recognize Russia's needs for a reform (3).

  • Demonstrations and riots broke out in Petrograd in February 1917. Nicholas was at headquarters at Mogilev. He attempted to return to Petrograd, but his train was thwarted (3).

  • He was a firm believer in autocracy and after many pleas to reform to parliamentary rule, he stayed with his belief (3).

  • Petrograd was deteriorating and this resulted into his abdication and although he wanted to compromise, it was already too late (3).

  • He left the throne peacefully, writing in his diary "I had a long and sound sleep. Woke up in Dvinsk. Sunshine and frost ... I read much of Julius Caesar." (4).

  • After the Bolshevik Revolution, the position of the imperial family became precarious. They were held prisoners at various locations before finally being imprisoned in Yekaterinburg (3).

  • Orders arrived from Moscow and announced that the family be executed. They were shot the early morning of July 17, 1918 by Bolshevik zealots (4).

  • This ended the lives of the imperial family of Russia (3).

Animal Farm:

Mr. Jones vs. Tsar Nicholas II

Animal Farm demonstrates many characters that symbolize real life events and political figures. The character, Mr. Jones, has been compared to the Tsar and Old Russia. Mr. Jones was the original owner of the farm and was thrown out by the animals.

Mr. Jones portrayed by Pete Postlethwaite
Mr. Jones portrayed by Pete Postlethwaite



Comparison to Tsar Nicholas II

“Mr. Jones, of the Manor Farm, had locked the hen-houses for the night, but was too drunk to remember to shut the popholes” (5).


Nicholas II was not actually drunk during his rule, but was absent in his duties towards the people of Russia. “He mistrusted most of his ministers and yet was incapable of carrying out the task of ruling the vast Russian empire alone" (1). Both Mr. Jones and Nicholas II failed in taking care of their followers.

"For whole days at a time he would lounge in his Windsor chair in the kitchen, reading the newspapers, drinking..." (5).


Mr. Jones began to lay back and neglect the farm animals, leaving them to take care of themselves. Nicholas II showed the personality of a extremely passive leader, leaving all of the duties to his wife Alexandra. "Alexandra was the dominant personality in their relationship and encouraged the weaker Nicholas's autocratic tendencies" (1). Both men often decided to slack off in their duties.

“…and all the animals began to help themselves from the bins. It was just then that Mr. Jones woke up” (5).


Just as Mr. Jones woke up to the trouble and problems going on out in his farm, Nicholas II “woke up” to see what was going on within the country of Russia.

“And so, almost before they knew what was happening, the Rebellion had been successfully carried through: Jones was expelled, and the Manor Farm was theirs” (5).


Mr. Jones left Manor Farm once he realized that he and his workers could not handle the animals. Nicholas II had stepped down from the throne once it was clear that he could not handle the falling country. “The war [WWI] went badly for Russia, and by February 1917, the government and army were near collapse, and Nicholas II was forced to abdicate (give up) the throne” (2). Both Mr. Jones and Nicholas II stepped down from their position of power when they lost control of the population.

"...then they raced back to the farm buildings to wipe out the last traces of Jones's hated reign" (5).


The animals on the farm began to rid themselves of anything that would remind them of Mr. Jones, such as whips, knives, reins, etc. Nicholas II and his family were executed, in an atempt to rid Russia of their last Tsar. "On July 17, 1918, as anti-Bolsheviks approached Yekaterinburg, Nicholas and his family were executed" (1). The animals, as well as the people of Russia were able to put Mr. Jones and Nicholas II out of sight, and out of mind.

Mr. Jones in the 1954 adaption.
Mr. Jones in the 1954 adaption.


  1. BBC. (2012). "Nicholas II (1868-1918)." Retrieved from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/nicholas_ii.shtml
  2. Treadgold, D. (2002). "Russia." The New Book of Knowledge, (Vol. R, pp. 370-371). Danbury: Grolier Incorporated.
  3. Waldron, P. (2004). "Nicholas II, Emperor of Russia." In Encyclopedia of Russian History. Retrieved from: http://ic.galegroup.com/
  4. "Nicholas II." (1998). In Encyclopedia of World Biography. Retrieved from: http://ic.galegroup.com/
  5. Orwell, G. (1997). Animal Farm. Illinois: McDougal Littell.