1983-1973

  • under the monarchy of King Zahir Shah

    • treated his people poorly

    • power was ceased in 1973 by his cousin, Mohammad Daoud Khan, while on vacation

external image _50479633_afg_zahir_shah_g304.jpg

1978

  • military coup by PDPA (People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan)

    • communist party

    • close ties with the Soviet Union

    • abolished religious and traditional customs

    • infuriated groups of Afghans who believed in following religious and traditional laws


1979

  • Soviet forces begin an occupation

    • groups of Afghan Islamic fighters, or mujahideen, rebel against Soviet forces


1989

  • Soviet forces leave

  • Civil War breaks out between rival militias

  • the capital was greatly hurt by the Civil War



external image map_of_afghanistan.jpg

1994

  • the Taliban began to gain control

    • highly conservative and religious (Islam)

    • women are not allowed to work

    • introduce Islamic punishments


1997

  • the Taliban is recognized by Pakistan and Saudi Arabia


1998

  • the United States launch missiles

external image 091111-afghanistan-bombing-800.JPG

2001

  • the United States starts bombing Afghanistan after September 11

  • Afghanistan's interim government forms



2002

  • peace keeping forces, NATO, enter Afghanistan

  • Hamid Karzai was elected interim head of state


2004

  • new constitution is introduced

  • Hamid Karzai won presidential election



References

Afghanistan Profile. (February 22, 2012). Retrieved from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-12024253

Afghanistan Timeline. (n.d.). Retrieved from: http://www.history-timelines.org.uk/places-timelines/02-afghanistan-timeline.htm

Afghanistan Turbulent History. (November 21, 2008). Retrieved from: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/1569826.stm