Secret Police
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Secret Police targeting
The History of the Secret Police

  • December 1917-Cheka established (2)

  • The head of Cheka was Feliks Dzerzhinskii (2)

  • Cheka had the duty “…to investigate “counterrevolutionary” crimes.” (2)

  • Began to use terror against the classes and enemies of Bolshevism (2)

  • Bolsheviks spoke out against Cheka (2)

  • After the Civil War, “…Cheka was disobandened.” (2)

  • In 1922 the functions that the Cheka had were given to the GPU but, was less powerful (2)

  • In 1934 the GPU’s name changed to NKVD. (2)

  • The leaders of NKVD were Genrikh Yagoda and Nikolay Yezhov (3) the leaders were given a lot less laws to follow than the GPU. (2)

  • Because of the purges led by Stalin “More than 750,000 people were executed in 1937-38…” (3)

  • Both leaders of the NKVD were killed in the purge and a man named Lavrenth Beria. (3)

  • Beria was also head of two other agencies known as MGB and MVD. (3)

  • “In 1941 responsibility for state security was transferred from the NKVD to the NKGB.” (3)

  • In March 1953, the MGB and MVD were joined together as Beria continued to lead. (3)

  • From 1954-1995 the secret police were known as KGB. (4)

  • The leader of the KGB was Gorbachev. (4)

  • “…there was a KGB officer assigned to every large enterprise or institution, whose job it was to keep an eye on everything that went on there.” (4)

  • Throughout the years of KGB, the KGB “…had always recruited the best and brightest…” (4)

  • After the KGB many of its agents were very successful businessmen. (4)

  • The secret police in Russia are now"...known as the Federal Security Service.”(4)

NKVD I.D. Book

Parallels to Animal Farm by George Orwell

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1. Page 54: "With his dogs in attendance he set out and made a careful tour of inspection of the farm buildings, the other animals following at a respectful distance. At every few steps Napoleon stopped and sniffed the ground for traces of Snowball's footsteps, which, he said, he could detect by the smell. He sniffed every corner, in the vegetable garden, and found traces of Snowball almost everywhere” (1)

2. Page 57: "Immediately the dogs bounded forward seized four of the pigs by the ear and dragged them, squealing with pain and terror, to Napoleon's feet. The pigs' ears were bleeding, the dogs had tasted blood, and for a few moments they appeared to go quite mad." (1)

3. Page 23: "The dogs learned to read fairly well, but were not interested in reading anything except the seven commandments." (1)

4. Page 39: "But suddenly the dogs sitting round Napoleon let out deep, menacing growls, and the pigs fell silent and sat down again." (1)

5. Page 38: "At this there was a terrible baying sound outside, and nine enormous dogs wearing brass- studded collars came bounding into the barn. They dashed straight for Snowball, who only sprang from his place just in time to escape their snapping jaws." (1)

1. Orwell, G. (1946) Animal Farm. New York: Harcourt Brace & Company.

2. Secret Police. In Revelations from the Russian Archives. (n.d.). Retrieved from

3. KGB. (2012). The History Channel. Retrieved from

4. PBS. (1999). KGB Deep Background:Reference Detail. Retrieved from

5. Gulag. (1999). NKVD ID Book. Retrieved from