P.T.S.D: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
external image 4688523825_4ff04c2098.jpg

What is it?
  • An emotional illness / anxiety disorder (3)

How do you get it?
  • By experiencing a traumatic event:
      • Natural disasters
      • Wars
      • Assault
      • Abuse
      • Accident
      • Unexpected death
      • Anything highly frightening, unsafe, life-threatening
Soldiers in Vietnam
Soldiers in Vietnam

Who can get it?
  • Any age
  • 3.6% Americans (2)
  • More women (2)
  • Medical personnel
  • Secondhand (1)
  • Slightly genetic (2)

external image ptsd.png
What are the symptoms?
  • Reliving
  • Phobias
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Numbness
  • Sleep
  • Emotional / mental issues
  • Physical issues
external image causes-of-insomnia-image1.jpg
Aftermath
  • Problems:(additional to physical and mental symptoms) (3)
      • Reminders causing outbursts
      • Drugs / alcohol
      • Unemployment
      • Relationships suffer

external image ptsd_network1.jpg?w=420
  • Treatment:
      • Psychotherapy
      • Cognitive behavioral therapy
      • Exposure therapy
      • Family / Group therapy (2)
      • Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing
  • Medication
external image 2784183574_6dd5ea36e3.jpg



History Lesson

Obviously PTSD (the condition) has been around - just not always recognized as an emotional disorder:

WWII
WWII
  • Names through history (4):
    • Civil War = "soldier's heart"
    • WWI = "combat fatigue" or "shell shock"
    • WWII = "battle fatigue" or "gross stress reaction"
    • Vietnam = "post-Vietnam syndrome" (Docs start diagnosisng) *
  • Here and now:
    • Iraq War stats
    • everyday events -> rapes, killings, natural disasters, (etc.)

Children are a different story
external image 59187-52317.jpg
(but still frighteningly similar)

Factors that may not affect adults as much take greater toll on kids (5):
  • neglect*
  • physical abuse
  • sexual abuse
  • mental (psych) abuse

Awesome source of information: knowledge is power is understanding

National Center for PTSD
(Children and Trauma page)



Parallels
external image movies_kiterunner.jpg
Hassan, Amir, and most profoundly Sohrab find ways to cope with their systems of P.T.S.D.

“‘He went back to sleep,’ Ali said…” pg. 80
other examples in Chapter 8 with Hassan, and his change in demeanor.

“I woke up with a scream trapped in my throat.” Pg. 240
Hassan’s dreams of his old friend and warped memories that turn into nightmares throughout the book.

Pg. 312-313, Sohrab, and Amir in hotel room wanting to sleep.
They both wanted to escape their stressful incidents.

“I’m so dirty.” – Sohrab, p. 319
Sohrabs hour-long baths and eventual suicide attempt are ways he tries to deal with his stress of PSTD.




Discussion Questions

1. In "The Kite Runner", Amir and and Baba move to the U.S.A. One day Amir looks at his father and sees a more complex person than he thought he was. Do you see the changes in Baba as tragic or postivie?
2. Was Sohrab's parents' death the only reason he was depressed/had PSTD?
3. When Amir goes back to Afghanistan after twenty-six years, do you think he was shocked to see it? Even though he heard about everything over the U.S. news?
4. For Amir America acted as a place for him to bury or hide his memories. But for Baba is it a sad or mournful place. Why?
5. In The Kite Runner, which character do you think had PSTD the most and why? And what do you think caused their PSTD?

external image large_kiterunner-1gq71it.jpg




SOURCES:
1. Katz, M. (2012). Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Retrieved from: http://www.webmd.com/anxiety-panic/guide/post-traumatic-stress-disorder

2. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). (2012). Retrieved from: http://www.medicinenet.com/posttraumatic_stress_disorder/article.htm

3. What is PTSD?. (2011). Retrieved from: http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/pages/what-is-ptsd.asp

4. History of PTSD. (2012). Retrieved from:
http://www.psychiatric-disorders.com/articles/ptsd/causes-and-history/history-of-ptsd.php

5. PTSD in Children and Teens. (2007). Retrieved from:
http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/pages/ptsd-children-adolescents.asp