Kulaks and Collectivisation
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History Kulaks
Kulaks was the meaning of a rich peasant (1). Usually kulaks were named for farms and their land.
  • "Lenin and Stalin defined kulaks in economic and political terms as the capitalist strata of a polarized peasantry" (1).
"Kulaks were profiting from their better farming techniques, Stalin felt they might develop into a political force that might try to take control of the food supply and resist his political monopoly"(1). "Every peasant who was unwilling to join the kolkhoz had to fear being classified as kulaks and subjected to expropriation and deportation" (1).
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external image gulag.jpg

  • "When Stalin began his drive for "collectivisation" in 1929, he deliberately tried to eliminate the kulaks as a class, confiscating their lands and property and transporting millions of them to slave labor camps all over Russia. Stalin targeted any peasant who even slightly resembled a well-to-do kulakā€ (1).

What is Collectivisation
  • =Collectivisation goes hand and hand with Kulaks.
  • Colletivisation was the ownership of farm land or a big plot of land.
"Stalin also imposed the Soviet system of land managament known as Collectivization. This resulted in the seizure of all privately owned farmlands and livestock, in a country where 80 percent of the people were traditional village farmers" (5).
There was two types of collectivisation; the sovkholz and, the kolkholz.
external image collectivisation_campagnes_sovietiques.jpg
external image collectivisation_campagnes_sovietiques.jpg

The sovkholz colletivisation was set up that all the workers on the farm would get paid a set paid wage.
The Farm was owned by the state and all produce went towards and for the state (2). The other type of collectivisation was kolkhoz farmers, they were only allow to keep their of land but not their produce (food)(2)."Collectivisation was an attempt toget rid of the ownership of land by ordinary people. In particular, Stalin wanted to sell wheat abroad to raise foreign exchange in order to buy new technology to help with the Five Year Plans." (2)

Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin took control of the Soviet Union in the year of 1928.
  • "Joesph Stalin,was one of the most
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    external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ42ZaAvsAbikQ2rXhGe_G0su38RoZ_bHcwWw6G34bHddPkNmtv
    ruthless humans ever to hold power" in the Soviet Union(5).

He claimed that his five year plan would help the people of the Soviet Union (5).
  • The five year plan was to industrialize Russia. By starting the Five Year Plan, Stalin changed the names of farmers and their real jobs. " He claimed that they were not putting the Soviet Union as their first priority and not providing industry workers with enough food. (3)" His plan did not work and the state of the Soviet Union got weaker because the workers grew weak after working long hours, day in and out. "If workers didn't meet these standards they were thought to be destroying the Plan. (3)."

Kulak in Animal Farm
In the book Animal Farm we thought the Hens/Chickens represented the
kulak the most. The Hens were the peasants of the farm, kulak
in Stalin's view
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were peasents that own or lived on farm land. In Animal Farm the Chickens refused to give up their eggs and the kulaks people strongly resisted Stalin's change to their farm (4).

  • "Napoleon had accepted , throught Whymper , a contract for four hundred eggs a week. (pp.53)"
Also in the book Napoleon who represents Stalin, nearly starved the Hens to death (4). Just like Stalin would have done.
  • "Naploleon acted swiftly and ruthlessly. He ordered the hens' rations to be stooped, and decreed that any animal giving so much as a grain of corn to a hen should be punished by death. (pp.53) (4)"


References

1) Merl, S. (2004). Encylopedia of Russian History . (vol 2. p. 793-795). New York: Macmillan Reference USA.
2) Changes under Stalin. (2008). Hindsight, 18(2), p.66+. Retrived from [[http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i/.do?id=GALE%7CA173554738&v=2.1&u=dove10524&it=r&p=GRGM&sw=w | http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i/.do?id=GALE%7CA173554738&v=2.1&u=dove10524&it=r&p=GRGM&sw=w ]]
3) Joseph Stalin (1879-1953). (2012). BBC History . Retrieved from [[http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/stalin_joseph.shtml | http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/stalin_joseph.shtml ]]
4) Vonnegut, Jurt Jr. (1961). Harrison Bergeronaty . Bantam Doubledays Dell Publishing Grouo, Inc.
5) The History Place. (2000). Genocide in the 20th Century. In Stalin's Forces Famina 1932-1933 7,000,000 Deaths . http://www.historyplace.com /worldhistory/genocide/stalin.htm