Joseph Stalin

Ruthless Dictator of Soviet Union
Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin







"One of the most controversial and enigmatic figures in Russian history, he is still the subject of fierce discussions and assessments" (10).







Early Life:

  • Born Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili (6)
  • Attended Tbilisi Theological Seminary (5)
  • Admired Karl Marx’s political philosophy (9)
  • Revolutionist against Russian Monarchy

      • Bolsheviks - “a network of communists headed by Vladimir llyrich Lenin and inspired by the writings of Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels” (2).
        Symbol of the Bolsheviks
        Symbol of the Bolsheviks


      • Arrested by Imperial Police
      • Exile to Siberia
        • Exiled 7 times
        • Escaped 6 times
          • Fleed on a sled


Rise To Power:
  • Appointed commissar of the Workers and Peasants Inspectorate in 1919 (7)
    • Political Bureau
    • Organizational Bureau
  • Appointed secretary general of the party Secretariat in 1922 (7)
  • Successfully discredited Leon Trotsky making it impossible for Trotsky to procure a leadership position after Lenin’s death in 1923-1925
  • He completely eliminated the opposition by taking out the leaders from the party in 1927
  • By the 1930s he had gained total control over the party and adopted much of the opposition’s plans



Stalin was a man who “didn't value human life” (3)

The Dictator Stalin:
  • Major Events
    • initiated several successive 5-year plans (8)
    • The Great Purge
      • people who opposed him (3)
  • World War II
    • Was respected by defeating Nazi forces (1)
  • Opposing views on Stalin's effect on Communism



Related to Animal Farm

Through a series of five-year plans, he raised the Soviet Union from a struggling country with an economy based almost entirely on peasant farms, to an industrialized nation that rivaled the United States and European powers (3).
  • In Animal Farm, Napoleon impressed Pilkington and Fredericks by being able to build the windmill with a handful of obedient farm animals.external image changing%20the%20commandments.jpg


Stalin spread Marxist propaganda among railway workers...(9)


  • In Animal Farm, Napoleon used Squealer as propaganda to spread the message of animalism to the other animals who worked hard.


Those not punished by immediate death or exile were left to face a slow death. Stalin refused to feed the rebellious peasants (3).
  • The hens that rebelled against Napoleon for taking their eggs were left to starve to death.
  • Napoleon had the pigs who protested against abolishing the Sunday Meetings killed.




"Stalin's name was included in the new Soviet national anthem. He became the focus of literature, poetry, music, paintings and film, exhibiting fawning devotion and crediting Stalin with almost god-like qualities and suggesting he single-handedly won the Second World War. It is debatable however, as to how much Stalin himself encouraged the cult surrounding him" (10).
      • Cult of Personality
        • Songs and poems written about Stalin
        • Towns, villages, and cities named after him
        • Stalin Peace Prize named in his honor

      • Poems written by A. O. Avdienko. (Left)

          • Illustrates the emotional bonds tied to Stalin
      • In Animal Farm, Minimus composed a poem that expressed the feelings on the farm. (Right)

"Every time I have found myself in his presence
I have been subjugated by his strength,
his charm, his grandeur.
I have experienced a great desire to sing,
to cry out, to shout with joy and happiness.
And now see me--me!--on the same platform
where the Great Stalin stood a year ago.
In what country, in what part
of the world could such a thing happen" (4).


"O great Stalin, O leader of the peoples,
Thou who broughtest man to birth.
Thou who fructifies the earth,
Thou who restorest to centuries,
Thou who makest bloom the spring,
Thou who makest vibrate the musical chords...
Thou, splendour of my spring, O thou,
Sun reflected by millions of hearts" (4).
Friend of fatherless!
Fountain of happiness!
Lord of the swill-bucket! Oh, how my soul is on
Fire when I gaze at thy
Calm and commanding eye,
Like the sun in the sky,
Comrade Napoleon!

Thou are the fiver of
All that thy creatures love,
Full belly twice a day, clean straw to roll upon;
Every beast great or small
Sleeps at peace in his stall,
Thou wachest over all,
Comrade Napoleon!

Had I a sucking-pig,
Ere he had grown as big
Even as a pint bottle or as a rolling-pin,
He should have learned to be
Faithful and true to thee,
Yes, his first squeak should be

"Comrade Napoleon" (Orwell, 1946, p.65)!








References
  1. Conquest, R (1992). "Stalin: Breaker of Nations." New York: Penguin Books.
  2. Harris, B. (2011, September 25). Joseph Stalin. Retrieved from
    http://www.moreorless.au.com/killers/stalin.html
  3. Haugen, B. (2006). Joseph Stalin: Dictator of the Soviet Union. Minneapolis, Minnesota:
    Compass Point Books. Retrieved from http://books.google.com/books?id=BJltl8e77SAC&dq=joseph+stalin+biography+book&source=gbs_navlinks_s
  4. Kreis, S. (2004, May 13). Stalin and the Cult of Personality. The History Guide. Retrieved from
    http://www.historyguide.org/europe/cult.html#first

  5. Kreis, S. (2006, October 11). Joseph Stalin 1879-1953. The History Guide. Retrieved from http://www.historyguide.org/europe/stalin.html
  6. "Joseph Stalin (1879-1953)." (2012). Retrieved from: http://bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/stalin_joseph.shtm
  7. "Joseph Stalin." (2004). Retrieved from: http://encyclopedia.com/topic/Joesph_Stalin.aspx
  8. "Joseph Stalin." (2012). Retrieved from: http://www.biography.com/people/joseph-stalin-9491723
  9. Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia (2001). Stalin, Joseph. Commanding Heights. Retrieved from
    http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/commandingheights/shared/minitext/prof_josephstalin.html
  10. Shubnaya, E. (2005). Prominent Russians: Joseph Stalin. russiapedia. Retrieved from
    http://russiapedia.rt.com/prominent-russians/leaders/joseph-stalin/
  11. Ziegler,C.E. (1999). "The History of Russia." Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.