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HITLER AND GERMANY
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Adolf Hitler

  • Born April 20, 1889 in Braunau-am-Inn in Austria near the Austrian-German border (1)

  • Adolf suffered from lung infections as a child (2)

  • Lived for six months across the road from a monastery whose most salient emblem was a swastika (2)

  • Wanted to become a priest as a child (2)

  • Left school at age 16, struggled as a painter in Vienna, which is where most of his extreme ideas were originated (1)

  • Moved to Munich in 1913, at the outbreak of WWI (1)

  • Was very patriotic to his homeland of Austria and enlisted in the Bavarian Army (2)

  • Enlisted in the Germany Army and was wounded (1)

  • 1919, joined the German Workers’ Party (1)

  • Started to persuade people, mostly other extremists, that the Jews and Bolsheviks were the cause of the problems of Germany post WWI (1)

  • 1921, became leader of the National Socialists German Workers’ Party, or the Nazi party (1)

  • 1923, led an unsuccessful armed uprising in Munich and was imprisoned for 9 months(1)

  • Wrote the infamous book, Mien Kampf, while imprisoned (1)

  • Regained his power and the Nazis became the largest party in German Parliament (1)

  • 1933, became chancellor of coalition government and shifted his power to dictatorship (1)

  • Initiated anti-semetic laws (1)

  • Invaded Poland in 1939, began WWII (1)

  • Conquered most of Western Europe by 1941, unable to take England (1)

  • Declared war on the United States in 1941 (1)

  • 1944, British and American forces took back France while the Soviets marched to Berlin (1)

  • Hitler committed suicide in his bunker on April 30, 1945 (1)



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Parallels

Frederick - Owner of Pinchfield Farm

Although Frederick is not a main character it is blatant that he represents Hitler. With his few parts in Animal Farm you can see the resemblance to Hitler.

“…a tough, shrewd man, perpetually involved in lawsuits and with name for hard driving bargains.” (p. 26)

Helped spread rumors of ill news about Animal Farm. (p.76)

Tricked animals with fake money to buy their timber. (p. 70) Rumors of him trying to “get hold of the title-deeds of Animal Farm.” (p. 66)

Hitler also wanted to gain land.(2), especially after the Treaty of Versailles that he "argued it denied Germany."(3)

“… Cruelties practiced upon his animals. He had flogged and old horse to death, starved his cows, he had killed a dog by throwing it into a furnace, he amused himself in the evenings by making cocks fight with splinters of razor-blade tied to their spurs.” (p.66 )

“Death to Frederick!” => “Death to Pilkington” (p.68)

This can represent the Nazi-Soveit Nonaggression Pact.(3) Hitler also idealized Frederick the Great. King of Prussia and it seemed that it inspired Hitler’s political goals. (6)


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References

1)BBC. (2012). Adolf Hitler. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/people/adolf_hitler
2)Grobman, G. (1990). “The Holocaust: A Guide for Pennsylvania Teachers”. Retrieved from:
http://remember.org/guide/Facts.root.hitler.html
3)History Channel. (2012).“Nazi Party”. Retrieved from: http://www.history.com/topics/print/nazi-
Party
4)Jones, G. (1934, August 22). “Hitler’s Trump Card - Fear That Germany May Fall to Pieces”.THE WESTERN MAIL & SOUTH WALES NEW. Retrieved from:
http://www.garethjones.org/german_articles
5)Orwell, G. (1946). Animal Farm. Boston: Harcourt Brace & Company.
6)TIME Magazine. (1938, January 2). “Adolf Hitler: Man of the Year, 1938”. Retrieved from:
http://www.time.com/time/printout/0,8816,760539,00.html